The history of blackjack, especially its origins in which the game of 21 became the blackjack we know today and who were the pioneers who developed the first basic strategies of the game. Why blackjack is different from other casino games and how can we exploit these differences in our favor; and how the casino always enjoys an advantage over the players and how to deal with it. Click here for situs poker.
The french modality of vingt-et-un
The origins of blackjack are not entirely clear, although most historians agree that it derives from “vingt-et-un” (twenty-one or simply twenty-one).
It all started in the French casinos around the year 1700. The rules of the vingt-et-un differed from those of the current blackjack. The objective of the game consisted in reaching 21 points with the cards that the player received. However, bets were placed after (not before) receiving the first. The croupier had the option to double the bets of all the players after seeing his first card. In addition, if the croupier managed to add 21 points, the players had to pay him triple of his initial bets. Despite all this, the current blackjack rules are still based on this game. Visit this site for situs poker.
The italians prefer the seven and a half
Meanwhile, in Italy, a game was played with similar rules known as “Seven and a Half”.
-Use the figures, which count half a point
-Use the eights, nines and tens of cards that count a whole point
-Use the King of Diamonds as a wild card
-The objective of the game is to get a hand that adds 7 and a half points and, if the player passes, loses his bet.
In spain the thirty and one were played
Another very similar game was played in the Spain of that time. Known as “Thirty-one”, it had its peak between the 15th and 17th centuries both in Spain and in Ireland. The players received three cards and the goal was to get a score equal to-or as close as possible-to 31 with three cards of the same suit.
From 21 to blackjack
The popularity of the vingt-et-un spread throughout the world and in different countries, it changed its name. Thus, in England it was renamed “Van John” and in Australia “Pontoon”.
Many authors agree that the game landed in America about the year 1800. In the beginning, it was not a particularly popular game in gambling houses. To attract a greater number of players, the casinos changed some rules and began to pay a bonus of 10 to 1 when the initial cards of a player were an ace of spades with a jot either of clubs or of spades. As a result of these changes, the Americans baptized the new game as “blackjack”.
The four riders to the rescue
Roger Baldwin, Wilbert Cantey, Herbert Maisel and James McDermott – known as “the four horsemen of Aberdeen” – developed the first basic game strategy for blackjack.
The most remarkable thing about their work is that they did everything with manual calculations. These pioneers proved that blackjack offered better odds of victory if the players followed certain patterns of play. His work was published in 1956 in the “Journal of the American Statistical Society” and then, a year later, in the book “Playing blackjack to win”. Although the four riders were not well known to the general public, their professional colleagues acknowledged their achievements in 2008 by including them in the “Blackjack Hall of Fame”